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May 11, 2024

Utah Final Paycheck Laws: Ensuring Timely Wage Payment

In Utah, the laws governing the issuance of final paychecks are stringent, ensuring that employees receive their dues promptly after their employment ends. Whether through resignation or termination, it's essential to know your rights under Utah's regulations. In this article, we'll explore what you need to know about receiving your final paycheck in Utah.

When Must an Employer Pay a Final Check?

Under Utah law, the timeline for disbursing final paychecks depends on how employment ends:

  • If terminated or laid off: Employers must issue the final paycheck within 24 hours of the employment ending. This includes all unpaid wages due at the time of separation. Employers may fulfill this obligation by direct deposit, mailing the paycheck (with a postmark dated no later than one day after separation), or hand delivery.
  • If resigned: The final paycheck must be provided by the next regular payday.

Exceptions and Special Circumstances

Certain exceptions apply, such as for commission-based sales agents, where final wages may need to be audited before payment. Additionally, specific contracts may stipulate different terms.

What Happens If an Employer Does Not Pay on Time?

If an employer does not meet the 24-hour deadline for terminated employees, the wages continue to accrue from the date of separation until they are fully paid, for up to 60 days. Employees can make a written demand for their unpaid wages, and if not resolved, they may initiate legal action within 60 days of leaving the company.

How to File a Claim for Unpaid Wages

Employees can file a wage claim with the Utah Labor Commission if their employer fails to pay the final paycheck on time. This process must be initiated within one year of the wages being earned.

Can Employers Withhold Part of a Final Paycheck in Utah?

Utah law allows employers to withhold portions of a final paycheck under specific conditions, such as with a court order or if the employee has given written consent for deductions like 401k contributions.

Tips for Employees

  • Review Employment and Payroll Policies: It's crucial to understand the policies your employer has regarding final paychecks, as this can affect what you're entitled to upon leaving.
  • Document Everything: Keep thorough records of your employment dates, pay slips, and any correspondences related to your employment and termination. This documentation can be invaluable in resolving potential disputes over final wages.
  • Seek Legal Advice if Necessary: If you encounter difficulties in receiving your final paycheck, or if you believe the employer has not adhered to the legal requirements, consulting with an employment lawyer may be beneficial to navigate your next steps.